Natural Communities

The serenity and seclusion of the Green Swamp allows for quiet observation and study of a variety of plants, mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, invertebrates and amphibians within the natural landscape.

The 870-square-mile Green Swamp is a large expanse of poorly drained flat terrain, where the groundwater is close to the surface. Much of the area is a mosaic of wetlands, mesic flatlands and uplands, subject to seasonal flooding. Flood and fire largely govern the composition and distribution of vegetation, creating a distinctive mosaic of natural communities.

Natural plant communities in the area include:

  • Upland hardwoods (xeric hammock, sandhills and oak scrub)
  • Herbaceous wetlands (wet prairies, marshes)
  • Pine flatwoods (mesic and xeric)
  • Cypress swamps (domes and strands)
  • Floodplain swamps (bottomland forest, hydric hammock, bayhead, riverine)
Natural Communities

These natural communities support populations of an estimated 330 species of wildlife. Among this population are more than 30 threatened or endangered species, including the Florida black bear, Florida scrub jay and wood stork. Widespread species such as white-tailed deer, wild turkey, alligators, and numerous songbirds and wading birds are also common throughout the Green Swamp.